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Utrecht - Science

Comparative Physiology - Introduction - The Founders              








to Chronological Entry    > > > > > > > > 1913  HERMANN JACQUES JORDAN  - THE FIRST NETHERLANDS COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGIST


JordanHJ
Hermann Jacques Jordan (left figure) was invited in 1913 to introduce and teach the discipline of Comparative Animal Physiology, which he did successfully. Jordan put Comparative Animal Physiology in the Netherlands "on the map". He died in 1943. Jordan received funds from the Rockefeller Foundation for the purchase of a string galvanometer and for the building of a dedicated laboratory, the Laboratory of Comparative Physiology. The collection includes some letters, a manuscript of a Dutch textbook of Comparative Animal Physiology, maps and photos of the laboratory, and the Collected Laboratory Papers, consisting of the publications from 1928 to 1957 summarized in a dozen bundles. In 1995, under the inspiring leadership of one of his successors, Wim van de Grind, the booklet 80 years Comparative Physiology was published, which also includes the publications on senses and behavior from 1858 - 1995.

References:
- Vonk-HJ 1946. In Memoriam H.J. Jordan. Herdenkingsrede 27 Oct. 1945, Vergadering van de Nederlandsche DierkundigeVereeniging te Leiden. Oosthoek - Utrecht, 23 pp.
- Vonk-HJ 1947. In memoriam H.J. Jordan. Enzymologia 12, 137.
- Visser-RPW 1984. De Utrechtse Zoologie rond 1900: van morfologie naar Vergelijkende Fysiologie. Tsch, Gesch. Gnk. Natuurw. Wisk. Techn. 7(1),49-59.
- Postma-N, Smit-P 1980. Hermann Jacques Jordan (1877-1943) - Nederlands eerste Vergelijkend Fysioloog. Faculteit der Wiskunde en Natuurwetenschappen Katholieke Universiteit - Nijmegen.
  • Image left: Cover of  Postma-N, Smit-P 1980, representing H.J. Jordan experimenting.







  • 1948  SVEN DIJKGRAAF  -  AFTER WW II  -  THE DEMOCRATIC UNIVERSITY


    DijkgraafS_oratie
    Sven Dijkgraaf, lecturer in Groningen, succeeded Jordan in 1948 as Professor and Director of the Laboratory of Comparative Physiology. As a pupil of the school of Karl von Frisch, he promoted the sensory and behavioral branch of animal physiology. Under his leadership, the electrophysiological approach was applied to study the functioning of sense organs. He also co-edited the Dutch textbook of Comparative Physiology. Dijkgraaf gained international fame for his work on the octavo-lateralis system, which includes among other things hearing and the lateral line in fish, the electric sense of sharks, and the sonar of bats. The collection includes letters, manuscripts of publications, teaching notes, and research protocols of his key publications. His notes also show the necessity of having good housing for the species under study, and the importance of marine biological stations, like the famous one in Naples. His legacy also describes the introduction of a more democratic university, and the availability of new research techniques.
    In 1959, the Laboratory was divided into two sections: one for 'animate' physiology with Dijkgraaf as head, and one for 'vegetative' physiology, under professor H.J. Vonk. The total number of officials from both groups  was then 18 people, including eight scientists.
    Reference: Görner-P, Coombs-S, Atema-J 1996. Sven Dijkgraaf 1908-1995, Brain Behav. Evol. 48, 350-358.

  • Image left: Dijjkgraaf-S 1948. The animal and its world. Address delivered at the acceptance of the post of professor at the State University of Utrecht on 25 October 1948. Scheltema & Holkema - Amsterdam.








  • 1987 WILLEM ALEXANDER PAUL FREDERIK LODEWIJK VAN DE GRIND  -  BIOPHYSICIST


    Wim van de Grind
    After a chaotic period of democratisation, reorganisation, redundancies, and financial reduction, Wim van de Grind took the lead of the 'Sensory Section' of the former Laboratory of Comparative Physiology.
    It was van de Grind who manifested himself as keeper of the cultural heritage of the biophysical branch of animal physiology. Thanks to him, his co-workers could return to scientific research again, and to teaching Comparative Physiology .
    For other professors of Comparative Physiologu at Utrecht University (F.J.Verheyen, en A.V. van den Berg), the reader is referred to the 'catalogus professorum' of the University of Utrecht.

  • Image left: Prof. Dr. Ir. W. (Wim) A.P.F.L. van de Grind in his study (2000) in front of the painting of his predecessor H.J.Jordan. It is the merit of Wim van de Grind mainly, that a considerable part of the history of the Utrecht Labratory of Comparative Physiology is saved from oblivion.